“Who is this that darkens counsel
By words without knowledge?
Now gird up your loins like a man,
And I will ask you, and you instruct Me!
Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Tell Me, if you have understanding,
Who set its measurements? Since you know.
Or who stretched the line on it?
On what were its bases sunk?
Or who laid its cornerstone,
When the morning stars sang together
And all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Or who enclosed the sea with doors
When, bursting forth, it went out from the womb;
When I made a cloud its garment
And thick darkness its swaddling band,
And I placed boundaries on it
And set a bolt and doors,
And I said, ‘Thus far you shall come, but no farther;
And here shall your proud waves stop’?”
(Job 38:1-11 NASB)
I have a few observations about this passage in relation to the LDS understanding of verse 7.
1. The whole train of argument in this passage, which actually includes all of chapters 38-39, is that Job didn’t know what he was talking about because he was not involved and was not even there when the earth was made. The question, “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?” (v. 4) is a rhetorical question with the implied, understood answer, “Nowhere around.” Job was not there when Jehovah laid the foundation of the earth and so is in no position to criticize the way God has ordered the world in which Job lives.
2. The passage says absolutely nothing about a plan of salvation, let alone the sons of God shouting for joy about a plan for them to become like God. What seems to have been the reason for the joyful shout was the laying of the foundation for the earth. John Hartley points out, “In an ancient community the laying of a foundation stone for a public building such as a temple was a high occasion and was commemorated by a festive ceremony.” An example of this practice may be seen at the ceremony of the laying of the foundation for the rebuilding of the temple after the Babylonian Exile. At that ceremony, a group of priests played musical instruments and sang when the foundation was laid (Ezra 3:10-11).
3. What strikes some readers as odd, but should be noted here, is that Jehovah’s speeches to Job say nothing about the creation or formation of the human race. The animals that the speeches describe are all wild animals, untamed by human beings. Thus, the context of Job 38:7 doesn’t even say anything about the creation of human beings or their purpose for being here.
It seems to me, then, that the LDS Church misinterprets Job 38:7. Not only does it not teach that human beings preexisted as spirit children of God in heaven, in context Job 38 is denying that human beings (such as Job) existed in heaven when God created the earth. Furthermore, the sons of God shouted for joy, not because they were going to be sent to the earth to become exalted beings, but because the earth was going to be the place where Jehovah, the God of creation, would manifest his glorious presence in the universe.
 John E. Hartley, The Book of Job, NICOT (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988), 495.
 J. Gerald Janzen, Job, Interpretation (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985), 229.